In English, the city and the province are formally distinguished by the fact that the province does not have an accented é while the city does, while informally the form "Quebec City" is frequently (although unofficially) used to distinguish the city from the province; in French, the names of provinces are gendered nouns while the names of cities are not, so the city and the province are already distinguished by the presence or absence of a definite article in front of the name: for example, the concept of "in Quebec" is expressed as "à Québec" for the city, and "au Québec" for the province. Also, Quebec's Old Town (Vieux-Québec) is the only North American fortified city north of Mexico whose walls still exist.Quebec City is one of the oldest European settlements in North America. French explorer Jacques Cartier built a fort at the site in 1535, where he stayed for the winter before going back to France in spring 1536.According to the Government of Canada, the Government of Quebec, the Commission de toponymie du Québec, and the Geographical Names Board of Canada, the names of Canadian cities and towns have only one official form.Thus, Québec is officially spelled with an accented é in both Canadian English and French, although the accent is often not used in common English usage.Vanderkindere describes the approximate boundaries of the pagus Atrebatensis, predecessor of the county of Artois: east of the pagus Teruanensis, north of the counties of Vermandois and Amiens, west of the pagus Austrebantum (Ostrevant) and the pagus Caribantus (in the county of Flanders), and south of the pagus Scarbeius and the pagus Leticus.After the accession of the infant Count Arnoul III in 964, Lothaire King of the West Franks took temporary control over Artois, only handing it back to Flanders when Count Arnoul reached the age of majority.
By the end of the 6th century, the whole area formed part of the kingdom of Neustria, although from 629 to 633 it was incorporated into the kingdom of Aquitaine which King Dagobert I created for his half-brother King Charibert II.This document groups noble families located south-west of Flanders in the northern part of the area categorised as Northern France in Medieval Lands.The area corresponds approximately to the present-day French dpartement of Pas-de-Calais.Registrant acknowledges that a breach of this Section 8 will constitute a material breach of the Agreement, which will entitle either Tucows or a registry to terminate this Agreement immediately upon such breach without any refund and without notice to Registrant.If Registrant or Registrant's domain name becomes the subject of litigation, Tucows may deposit control of Registrant's domain name record into the registry of the judicial body by supplying a party with a registrar certificate. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS.